Let’s learn about the “Basic Commands of Linux that every User should know”. Linux is the most popular Unix based operating system.
Linux first kernel was released on 17th September 1991 by Linus Torvalds. It’s an open-source operating system and written in C language.
So let’s learn about the Basic commands of Linux before we should know about the command line terminal (CLI).
You can access the terminal by right-clicking anywhere in Linux. Will learn 10 Basic Commands of Linux.
1. pwd Command
pwd command is for the Present Working Directory, which gets the current directory in which you are in, or we can say it will show the absolute path.
$ pwd output: /home/tastethelinux
So means that we are in /home/tastethelinux directory, let’s move next “command cd”
2. cd Command
The cd command is used to change the directory now suppose you have to go to another directory then use the cd command via Terminal.
Now let’s suppose you are in /home/tastethelinux directory and want to go in the Documents folder then use cd Documents, and press enter.
$ cd Documents output: tla@tla:~/Documents$
If you want to check whether you are in the correct directory then use the pwd command. want to learn more about cd command follow the link.
3. mkdir Command
So if we want to create a directory or folder in Linux then use mkdir command to create.
Suppose you have to create a TLA directory in Linux, then use “mkdir TLA”
$ mkdir TLA
4. ls Command
ls command used to list the files and folders other options can be used with the ls command.
$ ls output: exam output.txt linuxfile practice tastethelinux
If you want to learn more about the ls command then follow the link. Now let’s move to next basic commands of Linux.
5. mv Command
mv command is used to move the file and folder into different directories.
Also, we can rename the file and folder with the help of the mv command.
$ mv linux_file tastethelinux
So we have moved the linux_file into the tastethelinux directory. To learn more about the mv command follow the link.
6. cp Command
cp command is used to make the copy of the file and move it to another directory.
Also, it is used to copy the content from one file to another file. Want to learn more about the cp command then follow the link.
$ cp single_file tastethelinux/
So on the above command, we have to copy the single_file into the tastethelinux directory.
7. rm Command
The rm command is to remove the file and folder permanently, So please use it carefully.
So it is the most dangerous command in Linux.
$ rm file3
So with the help of the rm command, has deleted file3 file, want to learn the rm command follow the link.
8. top Command
The top command is to check the process, usage and load average. We can check the CPU utilization, Memory utilization of the process and for the overall system.
9. head Command
So the head command is used to print the first ten lines of the file is to check the logs want to learn more about the head command follow the link.
$ head tastethelinux_file
10. tail Command
It is the opposite of the head command, it will show the last ten lines of the file. Follow the link for more details about the tail command.
$ tail linux_file
Thanks for reading the POST. Follow the link to learn more Basic commands.